FAQ

甚麼是「認知行為治療」?


「認知行為治療」(Cognitive Behavioral Therapy CBT) 是具臨床實證的心理治療,有效處理各種情緒困擾的方法。其的治療元素主要環繞三大範疇,包括: 身體感受、行為和思想。無論是抑鬱、憤怒、或憂慮的情緒,它們都在影響我們的身體感受、行為和思想。同時,我們身體感受、行為和思想也會互相影響,並續漸形成一個惡性循環,令負面情緒持續,演變成難以自然痊癒的情緒困擾。認知行為治療主要從行為或思想方面介入,例如:建立積極健康的方法去面對情緒,減少逃避行為,或改善牛角尖思想,從而打破令情緒困擾持續的惡性循環。




甚麼是「低密度」心理治療? 它和「高密度」心理治療有甚麼不同?


「低密度」心理治療是針對輕中度情緒困擾人士而設的心理治療。由於他們所需的治療及支援較少,因此一種相對簡單而短期(約五至八節)的心理治療亦能有效處理他們的情緒困擾。另外,「低密度」心理治療可減少有需要人士接受心理治療的輪候時間,而且避免在輪候過程間所承受衍生負擔。 「低密度」心理治療以認知行為治療的原則為基礎。它有別於一般心理輔導,著重自主學習。心理健康主任因應您在自助練習時遇到的困難作出解答。 「低密度」的治療特色包括: -整個療程期較短(約五至八節) -對服務使用者的負擔較輕,每次需時較短 -以非傳統方式會面(如:電話、視像會議) -強調自主學習模式,需完成習作討論 「高密度」與「低密度」心理治療的服務提供者需要接受不同的專業訓練,兩者各有所長,並能因應對象之需要作出調節。「高密度」治療不一定比「低密度」治療有效,重點是不同的對象需要不同的治療。




甚麼是心理健康主任?他/她和臨床心理學家、精神科醫生或者社工有甚麼分別?


我們的心理健康主任均持有本地或海外的心理學學士學位,接受過專業的訓練以認知行為治療原則的「單對單指導式治療」,以低密度的心理治療去處理輕中度的情緒困擾,例如: 抑鬱及焦慮。他們的職責主要是為受到輕中度情緒困擾的社區人士提供評估及早期介入服務。 心理健康主任會依據評估結果與服務使用者一起選擇適合的治療模式,並以「單對單指導式治療」協助您學習以有效的方法去處理情緒困擾。如評估結果顯示需要「高密度」心理治療,我們將會轉介服務使用者予相關服務或精神健康專業人士(如:精神科醫生、臨床心理學家、社工)作出跟進。 我們的心理健康主任不論在學術和訓練背景、服務範疇、服務形式,以及服務對象都有別於臨床心理學家、精神科醫生和社工。以下是一個簡單的比較: 有關臨床心理學家、精神科醫生和社工描述的資料來源:​香港心理學會




「情緒GPS」計劃適合我嗎?


如果您… -經歷輕微至中等情緒困擾 -有意學習一套自助的心理治療方法 -期望一個簡單而短期的心理治療 這個計劃可能符合您的需要。 任何人士符合以下條件即合資格報名「情緒 GPS」 服務: -年滿十八歲或以上 -具基本中文讀寫能力 -經評估後顯示有情緒困擾
請注意: 因低密度認知行為治療暫時未有研究實證支持可有效處理躁鬱症、創傷後壓力症和精神分裂症。 如你受以上情況困擾, 我們鼓勵你就這些情況尋求其他機構的服務




若果我的親友受到情緒困擾,我可以怎樣做?


每個人在一生中都會有機會遇上情緒困擾,而身邊的親友往往是最先察覺到這些情況的人。若果他們願意的話,您可以耐心聆聽他們的分享。有些情況下,您可能會急不及待地回應或提出意見,可惜這通常不是他們當刻最需要的支援。經驗告訴我們簡單的陪伴和嘗試從他們角度去看問題,能有效地讓他們感受到您的關懷和支持。 若您認為親友所受到情緒困擾,您可以鼓勵他們嘗試面對自己的問題,並建議他們向本服務,或其他專業人士尋求協助(如醫生、心理學家、社工或輔導員)。 協助情緒受困的親友可以是一項艱巨的任務,而您的情緒亦有機會受到影響,甚至產生出內疚、沮喪、憤怒等感覺。因此,在幫助他人的同時亦需關注自己的情緒,並且理解個人能力有限,量力而為。 如有需要,亦可瀏覽新生精神康復會的 家屬支援網站




整個療程需時多久?


由於每個人的進度不同,所以每人的會面次數也有分別。「情緒 GPS」 的服務將提供不多於7節的「單對單指導式治療」,約每星期見面一次,一般人只需6至8節便能掌握管理情緒的有效方法。




每一節的時間有多長?


每節約三十五分鐘。




我可以選擇甚麼方式會談?


我們提供電話、視像會議及面對面的方式予參加者選擇。屆時可與心理健康主任商討合適的方法。 我們的地址是 九龍尖沙咀金巴利道 35號金巴利中心601-602室




如果我想參加您們的服務,我可以如何報名?


如果您有興趣報名參加<情緒GPS>的服務,您可以選擇以下任何一種方法報名: 1. 網上報名 請在<最新課程>的版面內選取<「單對單指導式自助治療>,並填寫您的個人資料和完成初步網上評估; 或 2. 電話報名 在辦公時間內(星期二至星期六,早上九時半至下午五時半)致電至3188-2550報名。 我們將會在收到您的申請後盡快與您聯絡。




您們的收費如何?


個人服務收費為港幣100元正一節。按個人收入,服務收費可獲豁免,詳情請致電3188-2550聯絡賽馬會情緒GPS 。





What is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)?


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, CBT, is an evidence-based psychotherapy which has shown effectiveness in treating various emotional distress. There are three main components in this theory: physical reaction, behaviour and cognition. Different emotions such as anger, depression or anxiety, infludence these three areas of us. Meanwhile, the three components are interrelated, thus resulting in a vicious cycle of negative emotions. CBT mainly intervene from behavioural or cognitive perspective. For instance, building adaptive ways to cope with psychological distress, reducing avoidance behaviours or absolute thinking can help breaking the vicious cycle.




What is low intensity psychotherapy? How is it different from high intensity psychotherapy?


Low intensity psychotherapy is designed for individuals with mild to moderate psychological distress. As fewer resources are required, usually a simpler and shorter course of therapy (around 5 to 8 sessions) is sufficient to tackle their problems. Also, low intensity psychological intervention helps in reducing the waiting time of receiving psychotherapy. Low intensity psychological intervention is based on the principle of CBT. Unlike counseling service, the intervention emphasizes self-learning. Psychological well-being officers will assist you in tackling the difficulties encountered during self-practice. The Characteristics of Low Intensity Intervention include: • the course of intervention is shorter (around 5 to 8 sessions) • less burden to users, shorter duration per sesion • use non-traditional methods to communicate (e.g. phone, zoom) • emphasize self-learning, users need to work on exercises The practitioners of the two types of interventions receive different professional trainings. They can be applied to clients according to their needs.




What are psychological well-being officers? How are they different from clinical psychologists, psychiatrists and social workers?


Our psychological well-being officers hold a degree in psychology, also received professional training in "1 to 1 Guided Self-help" under the cognitive behavioral approach. They intervene mild and moderate psychological distress by offering low intensity psychotherapy to users, such as depression and anxiety. They are responsible for providing early assessment and intervention to citizens with mild to moderate psychological distress. Psychological well-being officer will collaborate with users and decide the most suitable intervention according to the assessment result. Users will learn a set of evidence-based methods to tackle the emotional problems through 1 to 1 Guided Self-help. Those who are suggested to seek help from high intensity intervention from the assessment will be referred to related health care service or professionals for follow-up, such as psychaitrists, clinical psychologists or social workers. The academic or training background, service scope, mode and targets of psychological well-being officers are different from that of clinical pschologists, psychaitrists and social workers. The following picture shows a simple comparison. The source of information comes from the HKPS




Does the eGPS program suitable for me?


If you are... • experiencing mild to moderate psychological distress, • willing to learn a set of self-help ways to tackle distress, • expecting a simple and short-term psychological intervention, this program may be suitable for you. Anyone fulfilling the following criteria are eligible to register the eGPS service: • Aged 18 or above
• Being assessed as experiencing emotional distresses
• Fluency in written and spoken Chinese




What can I do if my friends/relatives encounter emotional distress?


Everyone has a chance to encounter emotional distress in a life time. Usually, their relatives and friends are the one who notice their changes. If you want to help, you can patiently listen to them. Although you may be eager to share your views or opinions, but this is not the support they need at this moment. From our experiences, accompany and taking their perspectives are effective to show your care and support. If you think your relatives or friends are suffering from emotional distress, you can encourage them to face their problems and suggest them to seek help from us or other professionals (such as doctors, psychologists, social workers and counselors). Helping individuals with psychological distress can be tough. Your mood might be influenced as well. You may experience the feeling of guilt, frustration, anger or etc. Therefore, please be aware of your own emotions while helping others. You should know your limitation and do the best you can. For your interest, please see the carer support website of the NLPRA




How long does it take to complete the therapy?


Everyone's progress is different. Thus, the number of sessions is also different. eGPS provides 6-8 sessions of one-to-one guided self help with a meeting frequency of once a week. In general, within 6-8 sessions, people can master a set of skills on emotion regulation.




What is the duration of one session?


Every session lasts for around 35 minutes.




What method can I choose to carry out the meeting?


You can choose to call by phone or zoom meeting or come to our office for a face-to-face meeting. Psychological well-being officers will discuss with you about the arrangement, which is flexible. Our address is Rm 601-602, Kimberley House, 35 Kimberley Road, Tsim Sha Tsui, Kowloon (Reservation only)




How do I register for the service?


If you are interested in the eGPS service, you can register via either way below: 1. Online registration Please go to "Our Service", then choose "1 to 1 Guided Self-help". Click "Apply Now" and fill in your personal information and mood test; or 2. Phone registration Call at 3188-2550 and register during our office hour (Tuesday to Saturday, 09:30 to 17:30) We will contact you as soon as possible upon receiving your registration.




How much does a therapy session cost?


The fee for 1 to 1 Guided Self-help is HKD100 per session. Exemption from payment can be made according to your monthly income. Please call 3199-2550 for more details.