Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Jockey Club eGPS Psychological Support Project 

eGPS offers "guided self-help treatment", which is based on the principles of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy; CBT, is a treatment with strong clinical evidence-base to deal with different mood problems, such as depression (Beck, 1967), panic disorder (Clark, 1986),social anxiety disorder (Clark & Wells, 1995) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (Salkovskis, 1985).


Cognitive behavioral therapy mainly consists of 3 main components, including automatic response, behavior and cognition. Regardless of the types of emotions (e.g, depression, anger, worries), these emotions are affecting our automatic response, behavior and cognition. Meanwhile, our automatic response, behavior and cognition are affecting each other, forming a vicious cycle, to continue the negative mood, forming a difficulty in self-healing in mood problems. Cognitive behavioral therapy mainly changes behavior or cognition, for example, planning proactive healthy ways to face emotions, having less avoidance, or unhelpful thinking patterns, to break the maintenance of the vicious cycle.


Of course you might be wondering if there is other psychological therapy other than cognitive behavioral therapy. You can refer to the following table to understand different therapies and effectiveness, to decide the therapy that is right for you. 

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Physical Sensations
  • Behavioral Activation                  CCC

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy    CCC

  • Interpersonal psychotherapy      CCC

  • Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy                                      CCC

  • Guided Online Therapy              CC

  • Problem Solving Therapy           CC

  • Psychodynamic Therapy            CC

  • Relational Therapy                     CC

  • Reminiscence Therapy                CC

  • Supportive Psychotherapy           C

  • Acceptance and commitment  therapy                                         C

  • Animal Therapy                            C

  • Dance Therapy                             C

  • Hypnosis Therapy
     (Beware of side effect!)                C

  • Music Therapy                              C

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy    CCC

  • Computer Therapy                     C

  • Psychodynamic Therapy            C





Panic Disorder/ Agoraphobia

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy    CCC

  • Exposure and Habituation          CC

  • Computer Therapy                      CC

  • Psychodynamic Therapy            C

  • Virtual Reality Psychotherapy    C

​Social Anxiety Disorder

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy     CCC

  • Behavior Therapy                       CC

  • Computer Therapy                      CC

  • Psychodynamic Therapy            C


Specific Phobia

  • Exposure and Habituation          CCC

  • Cognitive Behavior Therapy       CCC

  • Virtual Reality Psychotherapy     CCC

  • Computer Therapy                     CC

  • Progressive Muscle Relaxation  C

Post-traumatic stress disorder 

  • Exposure Therapy                    CCC

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy  CCC

  • Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing                           CCC

  • Narrative Therapy                    CC

  • Computer Therapy                   CC

  • Virtual Reality Therapy            C

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder 

  • Exposure and Response Prevention                               CCC

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy CCC

  • Computer Therapy                  C

References:Beyond Blue, Australia

 More  C   means better clinical treatment outcome 



Beck, A. T. (1967). Depression: Clinical, Experimental, and Theoretical Aspects. University of Pennsylvania Press.

Clark, D. M. (1986). A cognitive approach to panic. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 24, 461-470.

Clark, D. M., & Wells, A. (1995). A cognitive model of social phobia. Social phobia: Diagnosis, Assessment, and Treatment, 41, 22-3.

Salkovskis, P. M. (1985). Obsessional-compulsive problems: A cognitive-behavioural analysis. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 23, 571-583.


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